One of the reasons a safety committee may fail or be ineffective is due to a lack of member training. When an organization asks for volunteers to serve on a safety committee, the people that accept will most likely have a broad range of personalities, educational experience and work backgrounds.
On one end of the spectrum, a committee member may have no prior safety knowledge or experience, no team experience or skills, and developing problem solving and interpersonal communication skills. On the other end, a committee member may have extensive safety experience and knowledge, experience in committee or team work structures, and excellent leadership skills. Most safety committees are comprised of members that fall between these two extremes.
To promote a safety committee’s long-term success, member training can be provided. Rather than a one-time training session, on-going training opportunities may be more effective. With the rapid changes in technology and regulations, as well as the growing knowledge about teams, quality and ways to increase productivity, a company’s investment in the training of its people can help it maintain its competitive advantage.
Training for safety committee members can be organized into categories:
Training in each of these categories may be provided to all members as a group or to specific members based on their individual current knowledge and skill levels. Below is a more detailed description of each training category.
New members coming into an existing safety committee or a newly formed committee may benefit from training session dedicated to orientation. In the case of a new committee, orientation issues may be identified and developed by the initial committee members during their first few meetings. Orientation could include the following subjects:
For those members who have limited technical knowledge in the areas that may be discussed by the safety committee, basic safety technical skill training may be provided. This training can help support their consideration of the effectiveness of current control and prevention programs. Some of these technical skill areas include:
Fleet safety control
A highly successful safety committee is in a position to evaluate the quality of accident investigations, safety audits, methods for developing safe job procedures and using facts and data to target potential improvement areas or measure progress. Safety Management Systems Training can help the committee prepare for these activities. Topics include:
Accident/incident data analysis trending methods
Safety committee members with a basic understanding of the requirements of OSHA standards may be in a better position to evaluate the adequacy of compliance programs and required regulatory training. The committee members also should understand what the OSHA inspection process entails, the rights and responsibilities of the employer identified by OSHA, and ways to address OSHA citations, etc. Some of the most commonly reviewed program areas when compliance inspections are made include:
Personal protective equipment
The development of interpersonal skills can help the safety committee members become more effective team players. These types of skills include:
Well-developed problem solving skills are a key component for highly successful safety committees. As with accident investigation, the role of the committee is not to find fault and place blame on people for safety problems, but to work with senior management to improve the overall safety management system. Problem solving skill development includes:
Monitoring the impact/effectiveness of the improvements
Some leaders are natural born leaders; however, most leaders are not. Instead, they become true leaders by developing their leadership skills over time. A safety committee’s effort to make long-term, continual improvements in its safety program will be promoted if the committee has, or develops, effective leaders. Some of the leadership skills training that may be needed include:
Self and team effectiveness evaluation techniques
The Safety Committee Training Needs matrix is a tool to help assess the training and development needs of safety committee members. All of the subjects may not be needed for every member. It is suggested that each member of the safety committee initially complete the matrix for themselves. Collectively, the committee can then determine the common development needs and training priorities.